Use this dialog to define the spatial scale of the active image.
Use this dialog to define the spatial scale of the active image so measurement results can be presented in calibrated units, such as millimeters.
Before using this command, use the straight line selection tool to make a line selection that corresponds to a known distance. Then, bring up the Set Scale dialog, enter the known distance and unit of measurement, then click OK. ImageJ will have automatically filled in the Distance in Pixels field based on the length of the line selection.
Set Distance in Pixels to zero to revert to pixel measurements.
Setting Pixel Aspect Ratio to a value other than 1.0 enables support for different horizontal and vertical spatial scales, for example 100 pixels/cm horizontally and 95 pixels/cm vertically.
To set the pixel aspect ratio, measure the width and height (in pixels) of a digitized object with a known 1:1 aspect ratio. Enter the measured width (in pixels) in Distance in Pixels. Enter the known width in Known Distance. Then calculate the aspect ratio by dividing the width by the height and enter it in Pixel Aspect Ratio.
When Global is checked, the scale defined in this dialog is used for all images instead of just the active image. When global calibration is on,
(G) is added to the title bars of image windows.
Unscale resets Distance in Pixels field and sets the units to pixel.